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 An intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society

  • IOM includes 162 Members and more than 100 observers (states, IGOs and NGOs)
  • More than 440 field locations
  • Approximately 7,500 staff working on more than 3,900 projects

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Integration of immigrants

Key Findings and Observations

The process of migrant integration can sometimes generate some degree of public anxiety and at times fear, especially during periods of economic downturn. With unemployment persisting in many countries, migrants are sometimes perceived as competitors for jobs, exerting downward pressure on salaries, and as a burden on the welfare system. However, experiences thus far suggest that these perceptions are largely unfounded. Not only do migrants tend to concentrate in just a few sectors such as construction, domestic services, and health care, but also these sectors tend to be those in which there is a deficit in the local job market, so that migrants most often fill jobs unfilled by the local population. However, negative perceptions can be deeply entrenched and are best dispelled through planned and sustained efforts.

Based on its recent experiences in implementing migrant integration projects in many parts of the world, IOM has found the following interventions useful and effective:
•    Dissemination of information in home countries on the rights and obligations of migrants;
•    Pre-departure / cultural orientation to travel-ready migrants to facilitate their adjustment to life in a new country;
•    Provision of advice and counseling related to services available to migrants in the host country, for example, through migrant resource centres (MRCs); and
•    Provision of vocational and language training to reinforce their skills.

In addition, awareness-raising in host countries on the cultural profile of the newcomers and highlighting their potential contribution to the host society, improves the perception and acceptance of the migrants by receiving communities and reduces the risks of discrimination and xenophobia.

 

IOM Prague started cooperation on EU project designed for migrant youth. This multi-stakeholder project is co-funded by the European Commission and implemented in cooperation with youth organizations and institutional partners in the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Romania and Spain. The partner organizations in the Czech Republic are Integration Center Prague, Municipal District Prague 14 and Municipal District Prague 3.

The ACCESS project aims to empower migrant youth to become politically active citizens on a local, national and EU-wide level and to be able to better contribute to the formulation of policies. Through peer reviews of policies and practices in ACCESS project countries, the project provides concrete advice and tools to policy-makers on involving young people ideas and concerns in decision-making.

In the context of this project, political participation of youth doesn’t only include participation in electoral processes but consists of a more comprehensive approach engaging all young people in the development, implementation and evaluation of all policies which affect them. Active political participation may entail taking part in e.g. local municipalities’ youth parliaments, lobbying, providing feedback to decision-makers and voluntary involvement such as neighbourhood committees and associations.

 

The project started on December 2013 and last until May 2015.

 

The objective of the Project is to support integration of the immigrants in the Czech Republic and support in their orientation in rights and obligations in the Czech Republic with training integration courses (welcoming courses).

According to the new law on entry and residence of third country nationals prepared by the Ministry of the Interior, the integration welcoming courses are supposed to be obligatory for third country nationals up to 6 months from their arrival to the Czech Republic.

Thanks to the preliminary desk research, two foreign study visits and expert seminar in the Czech Republic, there will be increased awareness among providers and experts in integration courses on foreign best praxis and successful models. At the Project end, a brochure with selected foreign best praxis will be printed out.

In relation to the foreign experts visit to the Czech Republic, there will be also organized a 5 day Summer School of Migration and Integration at University of South Bohemia with the aim to increase awareness among integration stakeholders in the Czech Republic on new and innovative EU integration models, diversity, participation, cohesion and inclusion of migrants.

 

The iYouth project’s aim is to empower migrant youth organizations to better work towards integration and prevention of exclusion of fellow young migrants. Through peer reviews of policies and practices in iYouth partner countries, the project develops new integration models for migrant youth work.  The new models will serve as basis for training materials which will be delivered through an online training platform and capacity building workshops for (migrant) youth organizations. The project also emphasizes raising awareness on migrant youth organizations’ work and aims to increase networking among various integration and youth work stakeholders on local, national and EU-levels. One of the main sustainable results is the developed Online Training Platform at www.iyouth-project.eu .

This multi-stakeholder project is co-funded by the European Commission and implemented in cooperation with migrant youth organizations and institutional partners in Austria, the Czech Republic, Finland, France and Poland. The project started on 1 September 2011 and last for 18 months.

In the Czech Republic, IOM Prague cooperates with NGO META. 

The website for foreigners is runned by IOM Prague from 2003. The core of the website is based in the section Advice for Living where a foreigner can find detailed information on his residence, family issues, employment, business, accommodation, health and healthcare, social issues, education, citizenship and associations. In the Czech version of the website, there can be found detailed address book with contacts at state administration institutions, non-governmental and international organizations assisting foreigners and migrants and other useful contacts.

ELCI PROJECT: cooperating with local authorities in order to promote a better understanding of the role of migrant organizations in the local processes of integration.

The ELCI Project is aimed at facilitating joint cooperation between local authorities and migrant organizations on the topic of migrant integration at local level.

Migrant organizations can play a crucial role in the integration process, notably thanks to their in-depth knowledge of customs and cultural norms of their respective communities, and their capacity to identify the specific needs of migrants.

Observing the fact that contacts between local authorities and migrant organizations are often very limited, the partners of the ELCI project decided to work together in seven countries in Europe in order to advance the knowledge and the practices in this field.The Project is thus implemented in the Czech Republic, France, Spain, Italy, Hungary and Poland.

In the Czech Republic, IOM Prague cooperates with NGO Slovo 21 and Centers for Integration of Foreigners of the Refugee Facilities Administration of the Ministry of Interior.

 IOM Prague provides under a project implemented jointly with the Ukrainian Initiative in the CR consultancy and assistance services for foreigners. 

Donor: Insurance Company of General Health Insurance Company (PVZP a.s.) The project in 2007 will contribute to information dissemination among foreigners in the field of health care and health insurance system in the Czech Republic.

The project was implemented in 5 countries of the Central Europe: tle Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary and Poland.  The most important activity of this project was direct cooperation with organizations of foreigners.

Firstly, the Needs Assessment of migrants and a basic description of the situation were conducted. The aim of this needs assessment was to identify the needs of foreigners, already provided services and the organizations focusing on the issue of integration. Each country prepared own specific recommendations.

Secondly, there were organized 2 training of trainer sessions allowing integration experts to share expertise with representatives of NGOs and government officials. For the training of trainers there were identified 5 following topics: integration of migrants workers, legal aspects of integration, vulnerable groups, political participation of foreigners, and education and cultural developments.