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 An intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society

  • IOM includes 162 Members and more than 100 observers (states, IGOs and NGOs)
  • More than 440 field locations
  • Approximately 7,500 staff working on more than 3,900 projects

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Capacity building in migration management

 

Capacity building in migration management

Projects in capacity building in migration management are implemented by IOM Prague in cooperation with local missions in Georgia, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central Asia and Iraq for effective management of migration issues.

The topics of the experience exchange organized by IOM Prague in the field of capacity building in the migration management

Competences and organizational structures in the field of migration

Border protection

Documents inspection

Return policy of the third country nationals

Visa policy and praxis

Data collection and analysis

Illegal migration and combating of the organized crime

Education of the Police

Support to the reintegration mechanisms  - active employment policy and its tools, activities of the labor offices, vocational education and the labor markets, incentives to foreign and domestic companies.

 

On sight visits

Facilities for detention of foreigners

Asylum facilities

International airports

 

The aim of the bilateral projects between the Czech Republic and Bosnia and Herzegovina financed by the Czech Development Cooperation program has been since 2004 achievement of the standard level of the asylum and migration procedure in BiH. Since 2004, the Czech Republic – Department of Asylum and Migration Policies of the Czech Ministry of the Interior – financed projects in the total amount 250 thousand EUR in BiH migration and asylum field. The main recipient was the BiH Ministry of Security, Section fro asylum.

 

Central Asia is a very important region laying at a strategically important intersection between the two continents. Its importance continually increases due to the EU Enlargement and a creation of the European Neighbourhood Policy. The Central Asian States (Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) have experienced considerable evolution in political and economic transformation since attaining independence. They have established statehood, safeguarded multi-ethnic understanding and inter-religious communication. The newly gained independence also brought along new challenges.  The region, due to its geographical location, continues to be targeted or transited by criminals, professional human smugglers and traffickers, drug traffickers and others. Also, economic stagnation in some countries of the region combined with strong economic growth in the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan have led to an increase of seasonal or permanent labour migration. Many migrants have no legal status and there is a need for a more intensive dialogue and closer cooperation between sending and receiving countries to create a framework that will establish realistic, enforceable rules and balance the interests of migrants and receiving countries.

 The review of migration management in Georgia done by IOM Tbilisi in January 2008 describes that Georgia lies at the border between Europe and Asia and is a transit route of trans-Eurasian and intercontinental traffic making it at the same time a country of origin, transit and destination.

 In the early 1990’s two conflicts broke out between the central Georgian government hand and the autonomous republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. As a result of these conflicts the Georgian government does not currently exert control over these two conflict areas, including control over movements in those regions, especially regarding border crossings to and from Russia.

The geographic position of Georgia in a region which faces possible instability has created an imminent threat of flows of refugees and displaced persons across its borders.

 About a quarter of a million IDPs from Georgia’s secessionist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have been waiting for a solution since their displacement in the early 1990s. The majority of the 220,000 to 250,000 IDPs have found refuge in the region bordering Abkhazia and in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi. In order to im­prove their situation, the Georgian government adopted in early 2007 a national strategy on IDPs, drawn up with the support of the international community and civil society organizations.

In the field of migration, the situation in Iraq is far from being stabilized. From the break down of the dictatorship in 2003, the country has faced many problems in the field of internal security which are besides others related to the migration of citizens and security risks caused by the shortages in management and control of the migration from abroad. IOM in Iraq has since 2003 implemented large humanitarian and development activities with the target group of the internally displaced people and especially vulnerable groups of population. Besides these urgent needs, IOM in Iraq has prepared and implemented a series of activities targeted at the needs of the Government in Iraq in capacity building field, development of migration policies, enhancing of the related legal framework etc. In 2006-2010, the Czech Republic supported this program through six projects coordinated by IOM Prague.

Moldova is a country of emigration which more and more becomes permanent. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Economy and Trade and National Statistical Bureau, in the 3rd quarter of 2009 there were 317 900 Moldovan nationals working abroad out of the total number of 3,5 million nationals of Moldova. The Moldovan administration recognizes that the stay of Moldovan nationals abroad is increasing gaining permanent character.

The South Caucasus region is a very important region for migration capacity building due to significant migration flows to and through all three countries. The South Caucasus countries suffer from high unemployment rates in rural regions and former industrial towns which has led to high outgoing migration abroad. Last but not least, there are significant numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in South Caucasus who are in great need of reintegration in the labor market.