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IOM is an intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society

  • IOM included 169 member states at the beginning of 2018 and many observers (states, IGOs and NGOs)

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The Program of Assisted Voluntary Returns (AVR) is a global IOM Program which is implemented also in the Czech Republic. IOM Prague assists yearly approximately to 300 - 400 people from tens of countries worldwide. IOM Prague offers to migrants a possibility to return to their home country without any administrative delays. The target group of  AVR program are those applicants for asylum who stopped asylum procedure or whose asylum was refused, foreigners who have not sufficient travel documents and who stay in detention centers for foreigners. IOM Prague in cooperation with responsible governmental and non-governmental organizations helps migrants to receive a legal status through arranging them valid travel documents in order to allow them legally leave the Czech Republic and return to their home country. The advantage of AVR program is that foreigners return to their home country as ordinary tourists without information the local institutions.

IOM also offers reintegration assistance to the returns (AVRR) which enables for sustainable return. The reintegration assistance consists of job counseling, support to small businesses, retraining courses etc.

IOM worldwide is also engaged in resettlement programs. IOM Prague implements resettlement programs into the Czech Republic for people in need. Besides the logistics, such programs include also social and cultural orientation, medical checks and travel documents arrangements.


Maximizing the positive relationship between migration and development has long been a strategic focus of IOM’s work. In an era of unprecedented levels of human mobility, the need to develop a fuller understanding of the linkages between migration and development is particularly urgent, as is the need to act in practical ways to enhance the benefits migration can have for development, and to elaborate sustainable solutions for problematic migration situations.

  Labor migration In recent years, the number of foreigners coming to the Czech Republic for labor purposes has been steadily increasing. In the long

Trafficking in human beings for all the purposes is a serious problem worldwide. The Czech Republic has become not only the country of origin, but also transit and destination country for the victims of trafficking. The very first project of IOM Prague was an information campaign aimed at potential victims of trafficking for forced prostitution. IOM furthermore focuses on exchange of information between relevant experts, on the source countries, on information campaigns targeting groups at risk and the larger public. Apart from prevention activities, IOM is actively represented at meetings in the framework of the Program of prevention and support to the victims of trafficking and provides assisted voluntary returns and reintegration in the home countries of the victims of human trafficking.

Capacity building in migration management

Projects in capacity building in migration management are implemented by IOM Prague in cooperation with local missions in Georgia, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central Asia and Iraq for effective management of migration issues.

The projects have been financed since 2001 by the Department of Asylum and Migration Policies of the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic.

Migrant integration is essential to effective and comprehensive migration management approaches. It intersects with a number of other major policy areas, including human rights protection and non-discrimination, employment policy, national security, social stability, public health, education, citizenship and development. Policies and strategies to support the social, economic and cultural inclusion of migrants in their new environment in countries of destination and to educate receiving communities on the potential contributions of newcomers can reinforce the positive effects of migration.

Though permanent migration remains significant, international migration today is increasingly temporary, short-term, circular and multidirectional. As this trend continues, countries that were once relatively unaffected by migration are seeing this phenomenon as a major challenge, highlighting the need for migrant integration efforts to be flexible and responsive to each different situation. The current global economic crisis and its impact on both origin and host countries are complicating even more, the already difficult challenges everyone is facing on migrant integration.